There are several different Types of Security Audits that are intended to meet the business requirements of different companies and market segments. Each approach has its own benefits and drawbacks and the right approach for any particular organization depends on their objective for carrying out the audit along with their key concerns and risk areas.

Types of Security Audits

Types of Security Audits

There are three main types of security assessments: white box, grey box, and black box.

  • White box: In a white box assessment, the tester has full knowledge of the system or network being tested, including the source code, network diagrams, and configuration files. This allows the tester to perform a more comprehensive assessment, as they can understand how the system works and how vulnerabilities could be exploited.
  • Grey box: In a grey box assessment, the tester has some knowledge of the system or network being tested, but not as much as in a white box assessment. This might include information such as the network architecture, the operating system, and the web application framework.
  • Black box: In a black box assessment, the tester has no knowledge of the system or network being tested. This means that the tester must rely on their own skills and knowledge to identify vulnerabilities.

What Types of Security Audit is right for my organization?

The best type of security assessment for you will depend on your specific needs and goals. If you are concerned about a particular vulnerability, such as a known security flaw in a piece of software, then a white box assessment may be the best option. If you are looking for a more comprehensive assessment of your overall security posture, then a grey box or black box assessment may be more appropriate.

Black Box Security Audit

Citrix Worx - Bypass Apple Touch IDIn the Black Box Security Audit, our team will only have access to publicly accessible information about the target environment. This type of test aims to simulate the real-world scenario of external attackers targeting and attempting to compromise your systems.

Black Box testing has the benefit of perfectly simulating a motivated external attacker that has zero-knowledge of your operations and IT infrastructure. It gives you an insight of the robustness of your information security controls when under targeted attack by malicious intruders.

White Box Security Audit

Tinder Reveals The Exact Location of UsersIn this approach our team would have as much information as possible about the target environment, such as an actual employee would possess. This approach is designed to prepare for a worst-case-scenario where an attacker has in-depth information about your infrastructure.


White Box testing allows you to prepare for scenarios such as insider threats or an attacker that has obtained detailed internal information. This process usually reveals more vulnerabilities and is much faster since the audit team has transparent access to key information and details required for attacking the organization. Additionally, it extends the testing boundaries to areas such as source code audit, application design review etc. which are not usually covered by a traditional black-box audit.

Grey Box Security Audit

Misafe Smart Watch HackingIn a Grey Box Security Audit our team would be given partial information about the target environment, such that could be identified by a motivated attacker. Documents provided could include policy documents, network diagrams and other valuable information. This approach aims to deliver a cost-effective audit while focusing on areas that are important to your organization.

Grey Box testing allows you to accurately simulate the threat from an attacker that has been able to gain partial information about your infrastructure. The audit prepares you for a scenario where certain details or information have been leaked by social engineering or other offline threats.

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UIDAI Information Security Policy for Authentication User Agencies

The UIDAI Information Security Policy for Authentication User Agencies (AUAs) and KYC User Agencies (KUAs) is a comprehensive set of guidelines designed to ensure the secure handling, transmission, and storage of Aadhaar data.

IRDAI Guidelines on Information and Cyber Security

The IRDAI Guidelines on Information and Cyber Security sets out a comprehensive guidelines that the insurance industry must comply with to combat escalating cyber threats. As a CERT-In Empanelled Security Auditor, Security Brigade can help customers comply with many of these requirements.

RBI Cyber Security Framework for Banks

The RBI Cyber Security Framework for Banks sets out a comprehensive list that banks must comply with to combat escalating cyber threats. As a CERT-In Empanelled Security Auditor, Security Brigade can help customers comply with many of these requirements.

Code Review for PCI DSS Compliance

One of the key requirements of PCI DSS is to perform regular secure code reviews of all custom code that touches cardholder data. This helps to identify and fix security vulnerabilities in the code before it is put into production.

Vulnerability Assessment vs Penetration Testing

The main difference between Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing is the level of detail and the level of interaction with the network. An Vulnerability Assessment is a high-level assessment that identifies vulnerabilities, while an Penetration Testing is a low-level assessment that exploits vulnerabilities.

OWASP Top 10 Web Application Security Risks

The OWASP Top 10 is a standard awareness document for developers and web application security professionals. It represents a broad consensus about the most critical security risks to web applications. The document is updated every three years to reflect the changing threat landscape.

Types of Red Team Assessments

Red Team Assessments can be classified into three main types: external, internal, and hybrid. External assessments focus on the organization’s external attack surface, while internal assessments focus on the internal network and systems.

Attack Surface Management in Red Teams

Attack Surface Management is a valuable tool that can help organizations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their red team assessments.

Importance of SOC 2 Compliance for SaaS Organizations

SaaS organizations that are SOC 2 compliant can demonstrate to their customers that they have taken the necessary steps to protect their data. This can help to build trust and confidence, and it can also open up new markets and opportunities.

Technology Risk Management Guidelines – Monetary Authority of Singapore

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) has issued the Technology Risk Management Guidelines that cover a wide range of topics, from establishing a sound cyber risk governance framework to implementing technical controls to protect IT systems.

Juby P - Botree Software
{In an age where cyber threats constantly evolve, having a trusted ally like Security Brigade is essential. The Security Brigade team consistently delivered well-structured reports that spotlighted critical vulnerabilities and potential security weaknesses. These reports were accompanied by actionable recommendations, allowing our teams to prioritize and rectify issues efficiently. Professionalism, responsive, and depth of expertise well appreciated, and we are happy to have engaged Security Brigade as our VAPT provider.
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{We started working with Security Brigade as a cost effective solution for doing VAPT for applications and networks for our customers. But we have developed a great partnership with Security Brigade over the last 6+ years. They treat our customers as their own customers and provide solutions and do the activities as per agreed terms and sometimes even they don’t mind going beyond and deliver to customer. We will be happy to continue working with them and refer others as well.
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Peter Theobald Author Of Cybersecurity Demystified
{I have been using Security Brigade services for the past fourteen years. In my role as leading the cybersecurity Initiative at multiple national system integrators in India, I have worked with them to provide VA/PT, External Attack Surface Management, and Red Teaming services to large corporate customers. In each case they have met or exceeded expectations resulting in repeat business. I have no hesitation recommending their services for quality conscious customers wanting to enhance their security posture.
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Cybersecurity Industry Veteran, Author of Cybersecurity Demystified